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Marc Chagall

Marc Chagall

(1887-1985)

Marc Chagall, a Russian-born French painter and designer, is recognized as one of the most significant painters and graphic artists of the 20th century. His work treats subjects in humor and fantasy that draws deeply on the resources of the unconscious. Educated in art in Saint Petersburg, and from 1910 in Paris, Chagall later returned to St. Petersburg where he remaind until 1917. After the Russian revolution, he was made director of the Art Academy in his hometown, Vitsyebsk, and from 1919 to 1922, the art director of the Moscow Jewish State Theatre. Chagall painted several murals in the theatre lobby, as well as the settings for numerous productions. In 1923 he moved to France, where he spent the rest of his life, except for a period of residence in the United States from 1941-1948.

Chagall's distinctive use of color and form is derived partly from Russian expressionism, and was influenced strongly by French cubism. His numerous works represent characteristically vivid recollections of Russian-Jewish village scenes, as well as incidents in his private life, such as The Birthday. His works included a series of etchings on biblical themes executed between 1925 and 1939, illustrating the Old Testament, and the 12 stained-glass windows in the Hadassah Hospital of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem (1962). Likewise, a stained glass window which hangs at the All Saints Church, in Tudeley, Kent (1978). In 1973, Musée National Message Biblique Marc Chagall (National Museum of the Marc Chagall Biblical Message) was opened in Nice, France, to house hundreds of his biblical works. A canvass completed in 1964 covers the ceiling of the Opéra in Paris, and two large murals (1966) hang in the lobby of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York city.

 

The Soldier Drinks

The Soldier Drinks
1911/12

The Birthday

The Birthday
1915

Cemetary Gates

Cemetary Gates
1917

solitude

Solitude
1933

listening to the cock

Listening to the Cock
1944

The Violinist Collection

fiddler

The Fiddler
1912/13

fiddler

The Fiddler
1911-14

violiist

The Green Violinist
1923/24

violinist

The Blue Violinist
1923/24

 

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